Amniotic fluid plays an important role in fetal life and development in the uterus.
Amniotic fluid is a nutrient-rich environment, capable of regenerating and exchanging, it plays an important role in fetal life and development in the uterus. The amniotic fluid that protects the fetus prevents seizures, infections, and keeps the umbilical cord from drying out. During labor, amniotic fluid helps to remove cervical fat. Break at the right time to make it easier.
If a ruptured baby breaks, it soon signals a difficult birth. Normal amniotic fluid is clear, stinky, slightly alkaline. The chemical composition of amniotic fluid is mainly water (97%), in addition to mineral salts, organic substances, electrolytes, hormones. Amniocentesis in prenatal diagnosis helps detect fetal diseases through amniotic fluid analysis. Amniotic fluid is produced by pregnancy, due to amniotic fluid, due to maternal blood circulation.
Amniotic fluid changes with the week of pregnancy:
- Pregnancy 12 weeks of amniotic fluid about 60ml
- Pregnancy 20 weeks amount of amniotic fluid about 350ml
- Pregnancy 34 weeks of amniotic fluid about 500-1000ml
- Full term pregnancy reduced amniotic fluid.
What is amniotic fluid?
Too much amniotic fluid is called amniotic fluid (water level> = 2000ml when full term)
Amniotomy is often caused by:
- Maternal diseases: Diabetes, kidney disease, blood pressure disorders during pregnancy, pre-eclampsia …
- Pregnancy disease: Pregnancy deformity, fetal edema.
- Amniotomy due to infection: amniotic membrane, uterine inflammation when pregnant …
- Unexplained amniocentesis accounts for>> 30%.
Common signs in amniotic fluid: The uterus is fast, shiny, and the mother has difficulty walking, difficulty breathing, bipedal edema. Ultrasound of amniotic fluid, amniotic fluid length> = 80mm
Help pregnant women differentiate amniotic fluid and urine
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First 3 months of drinking coconut water: Not recommended!
“Clear from A-Z” cases usually under water
Consequences of amniotomy: Causing premature delivery, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum haemorrhage due to uterine atony. Mortality rate is often high due to premature birth, deformity …
What is amniotic fluid?
Amniotic fluid is less called amniotic fluid (less than 500ml of amniotic fluid at term). Amniotomy is the amount of amniotic fluid less than the amount of amniotic fluid equivalent to the gestational age.
Causes of amniotic fluid: Prolonged fetal hypoxia, abnormal pregnancy due to urinary malformation. Oliguria may also be due to amniotic fluid, due to pregnancy beyond the date of birth.
Expression of amniotomy is usually silent, the uterus is smaller than the gestational age, the fetus is retarded. Ultrasound of amniotic fluid is less than gestational age. Can be based on measuring amniotic fluid index. Amniotic fluid is rarely the amniotic fluid <= 40mm. The number of amniotic fluid is very important during pregnancy beyond the date of birth.
Consequences of amniotomy: Pregnancy malnutrition and uterine development, fetal death during labor or postpartum, stillbirth.
Amniotic fluid is caused by many causes and still> 30% of causes are not found. The physician’s intervention to have an appropriate amount of amniotic fluid so far has not had any specific treatment.
Treatment for women with multiple amniotomy, oliguria, depending on gestational age, fetal pathology, level of amniotic fluid and and mainly symptomatic treatment.
Prevention is mainly to prevent risk factors: Treatment of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease of genital tract infections … before becoming pregnant.
Pregnancy examination and pregnancy management have detected early abnormalities of pregnancy including multiple amniotic fluid and amniotic fluid to have timely management.