According to some studies, the prevalence of hepatitis B virus in pregnant women is about 10-20% and 90% of babies born to mothers infected with HBV HBeAg positive may be infected with hepatitis B virus. from mother.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of two types of viral hepatitis that has the greatest burden on public health and is the leading cause of cirrhosis and liver cancer, causing up to 80% of all cases liver letter in the world.
High HBV circulating among pregnant women will affect HBV circulation in the community in general, especially in children in particular. It is estimated that about 5 – 10% of HBV infections occur in the fetus in the uterus due to virus penetration for damaged spines. Transmission of HBV during labor and delivery is a common cause of mother-to-child transmission of HBV.
For syphilis, according to hospital reports, the situation of congenital syphilis in newborns begins to show signs of increasing. According to the researchers, the infection of syphilis from mother to child accounts for about 40 – 70%. However, at present, the percentage of pregnant women who are screened for early syphilis is only about 16%.
Pregnant women infected with syphilis if not treated promptly will spread to the fetus through the bloodstream, affecting the development and life of the fetus. Fetal resistance and organs have not been fully developed, so this is the cause of congenital syphilis in children.