For pregnant women, the ability to respond to changes in work pressure, emotions, life will be much lower than normal people.
Therefore, the risk of stress in pregnancy is very large.
Why care about stress?
For normal people, stress also causes many health consequences, so for pregnant women, this problem is exponentially serious. Proper attention will help pregnant women overcome easily. Specifically, if suffering from prolonged stress will adversely affect our health. Stress increases the risk of pathological conditions such as hypertension and depression. Stress can also aggravate existing medical conditions. For example, if a patient has diabetes and is under stress in his or her life, treatment will be ineffective because blood sugar control in this case is very difficult.
When under stress there are physical manifestations: chest pain, tachycardia, dysrhythmias, headache, vision changes, teeth grinding, fatigue, digestive disorders, muscle pain. We often have neurological problems such as confusion, amnesia, nightmares, unfocused, insomnia. In addition, psychological manifestations: feeling of anxiety, guilt, suffering, fear, uncooperation, anxiety, frustration, loneliness. There are anger or crying.
Pregnant women with stress cause great harm to their children
Stress is the way our body responds to something beyond the normal tolerance limits, which can be dangerous, or annoying. Almost anything can cause stress. Each person responds to stress in their own way. A terrible stressful situation for this person may not seem to be stressful for the other person. Because the stress limit is different for each person and because the stress response is varied for each person and situation, it is difficult to assess how stress affects pregnancy.
Studies show that stress during pregnancy can cause immediate and long-term harm to the fetus. Pregnant women with shorter pregnancies, higher rates of stillbirth and this effect are most pronounced if stressed in the first 3 months of pregnancy. If stress occurs in the last 3 months of pregnancy, the highest risk is low birth weight. Although stress occurs at any time increases the risk of neonatal mortality. The incidence of post-traumatic stress disorder during pregnancy is estimated at 3.5% and these women are at high risk of pregnancy loss, miscarriage, severe vomiting and early labor.
The frequency of major depressive disorder during pregnancy is about 13% – 20%. In addition, depression is related to other complications such as miscarriage, bleeding during pregnancy, higher uterine artery resistance and an increased risk of caesarean section. The fetus of depressed mothers also exhibits differences in uterine behavior. Their heart rates are also different if compared to the fetus of a group of mothers without depression. Depression can lead to harmful behaviors for mothers’ health such as smoking, alcohol consumption, drug use and weight gain. They are also less likely to have regular antenatal care, poor eating results in a lack of sufficient maternal weight and poor self-care.
Some studies show that severe stress can increase the risk of miscarriage by 3-4 times or premature delivery or double birth weight. This explanation may be explained by the fact that the mother has done things to reduce stress such as eating less, sleeping poorly, drinking alcohol, using sleeping pills or drugs. In addition, in stressed pregnant women, high levels of coticotrophin (CRH) in the blood are found; This substance interferes with the transfer of nutrients and oxygen from the mother’s blood to the placenta to the fetus.
What to do to reduce stress?
Pregnancy is a time when women encounter many difficulties. You need to encourage yourself that the discomfort in the body only happens for a short time and should not be too worried about the health of both mother and child.
Combine gentle exercise (swimming, walking or stretching muscles …) and activities that help the body relax like sitting meditation, yoga or deep breathing … Exercises in Pregnancy helps to limit the feeling of discomfort in the body, while relaxation activities will soothe the nerves, the body and the soul.
Do not forget that you are pregnant. There will be certain limits between a pregnant woman and a normal woman. Therefore, you should reduce heavy activities and may require support from relatives, to help you with your daily household tasks.
Talk about your feelings and feelings with friends, family members, heads or health experts. Do not hesitate to need support.
Need to practice good health habits such as: Pay attention to proper nutrition, drink water for children; Get enough rest according to your body needs; Use the medication according to the doctor’s instructions; Physical activity is as strong as the expert’s instructions; Stay away from situations or people who are likely to stress you; Try to relax and smile. Find a hobby and do it, like watching movies, listening to music, reading books, shopping …