About 10-20% of pregnancies end with miscarriage, especially during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy.
After each miscarriage, stillbirth, or stillbirth, women often wonder: why, what to do to prevent it, is it because of their fault, will it happen again? Unfortunately, the cause of miscarriage is often difficult to find, even the physician may not explain, especially in the case of early miscarriage. The following are some common causes, the most common to the most rare.
If it is the first miscarriage – whether you have had a baby before or the first pregnancy is due to a random mistake of the chromosome when the pregnancy develops. These errors are unpredictable and often do not recur at a later pregnancy. Unable to prevent it, but fortunately most couples who have miscarriage for the first time can still have a normal pregnancy later.
The uterus or cervix has problems
Reduces chance of having a normal pregnancy. Structural abnormalities may include: a uterine septum – a uterus with scarring left from the previous surgery – cervical lumbar (cervical closure).
In women with coagulopathy, miscarriage after 10 weeks is often due to coagulopathy of antiphospholipid syndrome. Need to see a doctor for advice when there is a coagulopathy.
Some physicians believe that hormonal imbalances can cause recurring miscarriages, but this problem is still in many contradictions, if you have ever been pregnant on one occasion, you should talk to your doctor about hormone levels. .
Some women and men carry mutated “silent” genes, which do not cause problems for them but may increase the chance of miscarriage.
All types of infections can cause miscarriage, from sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis to foodborne illnesses such as Listeria, Salmonella …
One of the requirements of early antenatal care is to do the infection detection and treatment tests as soon as possible.
Occupation exposed to chemicals: pesticides and many petroleum-based chemicals increase the risk of miscarriage. Women who work with chemicals or who have regular contacts with chemicals can increase the risk of miscarriage.
Is there any way to reduce the risk of recurrence? Unfortunately, there are not many therapies for women who have miscarried. It is usually recommended to monitor clinically and ultrasound closely. Give up bad habits like smoking and control chronic diseases. After miscarriage, depending on the time of miscarriage, pregnancy should be avoided for 3 – 6 months.