A scientific diet is essential for pregnant mothers to have good health. In order to successfully overcome the “nine months and ten days” of heavy pregnancy and having a “mother-in-a-square-round” surrender, it depends a lot on the assurance of nutrition for the mother.
Good nutrition during pregnancy helps the mother gain weight appropriately
During pregnancy, the woman’s body has many changes, especially changes in volume, body structure and composition of blood. Normally, during a pregnancy, mothers increase by 10-12kg including fetus, placenta, amniotic fluid, blood, tissue fluid, uterus, breast. If the mother has gained little weight in pregnancy, she is likely to have low birth weight, lack of micronutrients (such as iron deficiency, anemia, calcium …). Conversely, if the mother increases too much weight during pregnancy, it is difficult to have a pregnancy, the risk of gestational diabetes.
Proper nutrition during pregnancy contributes to limiting obstetric complications
Proper nutrition during pregnancy helps healthy mothers and well-developed pregnancies as an important factor for mothers to pass the birth smoothly.
Inadequate (too short or excessive) nutrition in the mother during pregnancy not only results in a lack of nutrients for the mother and fetal development but also a favorable condition for fetal toxicity. increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, difficulty in birth, premature / low birth weight and some other complications.
Proper nutrition during pregnancy increases the ability to produce milk after birth
A balanced, well-balanced diet will help pregnant women gain enough weight (10-12kg) and store nutrients for postpartum milk production. In the absence of nutrition in pregnancy, mothers will be able to produce less milk, unable to meet their baby’s milk needs as well as not guarantee the quality of milk for the baby’s comprehensive development.
Proper nutrition during pregnancy reduces the risk of some diseases for mothers
Adequate nutrition reduces the risk of folate deficiency (vitamin B9), an ingredient involved in hematopoiesis. Folate deficiency often causes giant red cell anemia, creating a high risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight.
Inadequate nutrition during pregnancy will reduce both mother and fetus’s immune system. Micronutrient deficiency, especially zinc deficiency, will adversely affect the development and function of most immune cells, T cells, B cells and macrophages to reduce immune globulin production. , IgA, IgM, IgG …
Poor or unbalanced diet during pregnancy may lead to a number of conditions such as iron deficiency anemia, zinc deficiency, gestational diabetes, pregnancy hypertension.
Proper nutrition during pregnancy reduces some common problems during pregnancy
During pregnancy, women may be bored of eating one or more dishes, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, constipation … often due to some nutritional causes such as:
Frequent nausea and vomiting related to vitamin B6 deficiency;
Gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea caused by eating indigestible or unsafe food;
Constipation is related to a diet low in fiber, drinking less water, the amount of food consumed inadequately and also due to reduced peristalsis during pregnancy;
Edema may be due to compression or may be due to lack of nutrition;
Cramps due to lack of vitamin D and calcium;
Providing adequate nutrients, micronutrients will reduce the expression on pregnant women.